Context . This project aims at combining the high purity and large bandwidth of quantum dot single photons with the high efficiency and long storage times of atomic quantum memories into a hybrid quantum network architecture with advantageous properties.
We already demonstrated that GaAs / AlGaAs quantum dots can emit transform-limited single photons tuned into resonance with rubidium atoms 1 and that the temporal waveform of these photons can be controlled 2 .
In parallel, we realized a rubidium atomic quantum memory with a bandwidth of 660 MHz operating on the single-photon level 3 .
The goal of this project is to interface the two systems through an optical fiber link that was recently installed in Basel.
Several improvements will be implemented to achieve low-noise operation : controlling the charge state of the dot and enhancing the photon collection efficiency with an optical cavity, as well as controlling the spin state of the atoms to suppress four-wave mixing noise by selection rules.
After demonstrating storage and retrieval of quantum dot single photons in the atomic memory, we intend to perform basic quantum networking tasks such as entangling two remote atomic memories 4 .
1 J.-P. Jahn, M. Munsch, L. Béguin, A. V. Kuhlmann, M. Renggli, Y. Huo, F. Ding, R. Trotta, M. Reindl, O. G. Schmidt, A.
Rastelli, P. Treutlein, and R. J. Warburton, Phys. Rev. B 92, 245439 (2015). 2 L. Béguin, J.-P. Jahn, J. Wolters, M. Reindl, Y.
Huo, R. Trotta, A. Rastelli, F. Ding, O. G. Schmidt, P. Treutlein, and R. J. Warburton, Phys. Rev. B 97, 205304 (2018). 3 J.
Wolters, G. Buser, A. Horsley, L. Béguin, A. Jöckel, J.-P. Jahn, R. J. Warburton, and P. Treutlein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 119, 060502 (2017).
4 N. Sangouard, C. Simon, J. Minář, H. Zbinden, H. De Riedmatten, and N. Gisin, Phys. Rev. A 76, 050301 (2007)
Funding category : Financement de l'Union européenne
PHD title : Doctorat de Physique
PHD Country : Suisse